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Typing Diacritics

Romanization diacritics: Create and Use

 

Using Arial Unicode MS font (if you have Word 2000 or XP you should have this font already installed).

 

Letter + diacritic

Manual input

Font Subset  

Suggested shortcut

ā

0101, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

(function key F3), a

Ā

0100, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

F3, Shift+A

ī

012b, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

F3, i

Ī

012a, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

F3, Shift+I

ū

016b, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

F3, u

Ū

016a, alt+x

Latin Extended-A

F3, Shift+U

1e0d, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, d

1e0c, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+D

1E25, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+h

1E24, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+H

1e63, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, s

1e62, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+S

1e6d, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, t

1e6c, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+T

1e93, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, z

1e92, alt+x

Latin Extended Additional

F3, Shift+Z

‘ ayn ʿ

02bf, alt+x

Spacing Modifier Letters

F3+ ̀

alīf ʾ

02be, alt+x

Spacing Modifier Letters

F3+ ’

 

How to locate diacritic characters and create shortcuts in Word :

 

All of the diacritic characters “live” in the Arial Unicode MS font, which is supplied with Microsoft Office 2000 and 2002 (if you use Windows 2000 or XP, chances are good that you already have this available).

 

Open Microsoft Word.

 

From the top menu bar, select Insert>Symbol

 

 

The Symbol window will open. On the upper right-hand side, click the drop-down menu to select the appropriate Font Subset where the desired character can be found:

 

 

 Use the mouse to click on the desired character. (In this case, I want to create a shortcut for the Ā character). Then move the mouse to the lower left-hand portion of the window and click the Shortcut Key button:

 

 

The Customize Keyboard window will appear. In the box labeled Press New Shortcut Key, type in the shortcut key combination you wish to use. In this example to create a macron over a capital A, I press the F3 (function key, usually located above the number row of your keyboard), then the [SHIFT] and A keys. This combination will be displayed. Then press the Assign button as shown:

 

 

Note that these shortcuts are saved in the Normal.dot document template of MS Word.

 

Repeat the steps above to create shortcut keys for the remaining diacritic-affected characters.

 

Comments/Questions/Corrections? Send to: Shelton Henderson, Bibliographic Specialist, lykes@pobox.upenn.edu