Penn Library Department of Special Collections

William Penn

Keffer Collection of Sheet Music,
ca. 1790-1895

Content and design by John Bewley


Introduction
Collection History
Guide Statistics
Focus on Philadelphia
Composers Publishers Lithographers Imagesand Music
List of Topics
Related Resources


Philadelphia Composers: Raynor Taylor (1747-1825)

Raynor (Rayner) Taylor, composer, teacher, organist, and musical director, was born in London, England. He received his early musical training at the King's Singing School. As a member of the Chapel Royal choir he performed at the funeral of Handel in 1759. Taylor was later appointed organist in Chelmsford and also taught music there. From 1765 to 1792 Taylor was associated with Marylebone's Gardens and Sadler's Wells as singer, composer, and musical director. His burletta, Buxom Joan was performed at London's Haymarket Theatre in 1778 and his compositions, sacred and secular, were published in several collections.

Taylor emigrated to the United States in 1792 where he performed with a Miss Huntley in Richmond, Baltimore, and Annapolis. He was organist at St. Anne's Church in Annapolis for a brief period in 1793. Both Taylor and Huntley moved to Philadelphia in May1793. St. Peter's Church in Philadelphia employed Taylor as organist from 1795 to 1813. He was also hired as organist for the opening of Vauxhall Gardens in 1814 and performed his own organ concerto on the first program.

Taylor composed incidental music and ballad-operas, including The Iron-Chest and The Shipwreck'd Mariner Preserved, for performances at the Chestnut Street Theatre, which was managed by his former pupil Alexander Reinagle. He and Reinagle collaborated on two compositions, Pizarro, which was performed in Philadelphia in 1800, and Monody, written on the death of George Washington in 1799. Taylor also wrote a piano instruction method published by Benjamin Carr in 1797. In 1820 Raynor Taylor was one of the founding members of the Musical Fund Society. He is buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia.

Compositions by Taylor in the Collection

Item No.TitleImprintPlate No.Illustration
Box 4
no. 58
The American Captives Emancipation / writen [sic] by a tar ; composed by Mr. R. Raylor Philadelphia : G. E. Blake, 1806? None None
Box 4
no. 59
Amyntor : a pastoral song / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 60
The Beech Tree's Petition / the words by Campbell ; the music by R. Taylor Philadelphia : G. Willig's Musical Magazine, between 1810 and 1815 None Engraving of a woodman cutting down a beech tree
Box 4
no. 61
Bonny Willy / the music by Mr. Taylor ; the words by Mr. C. Harford Philadelphia : G. Willig, between 1798 and 1804 None None
Box 4
no. 62
The Camel's Bell : sung with great applause by Mrs. Green in The Ethiop / composed by Rayr. Taylor Philadelphia : G. E. Blake, 1813 or 1814 None None
Box 4
no. 63
Hark Hark the Joy Inspiring Horn : a hunting song / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : G. Willig, between 1805 and 1809 None None
Box 4
no. 64
The Lass of the Cot / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 65
Ma Chere, et Mon Cher / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : G. Willig, between 1798 and 1804 None None
Box 4
no. 66
The Merry Piping Lad : a ballad in the Scots taste / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 67
Nancy of the Vale : a pastoral ballad / by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 69
The Queen of Flowers : as sung at the Amateurs concert by Mr. Gillingham / the music by R. Taylor Philadelphia : G. Willig's Musical Magazine, 1812? None None
Box 4
no. 70
Rustic Festivity : a new song / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : John Aitken, between 1807 and 1811 None None
Box 1
no. 57
Vive la Liberté : a new song / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 71
The Wand'ring Village Maid / composed by R. Taylor Philadelphia : printed for the author and sold at Carr's Musical Repository, 1795 None None
Box 4
no. 71a
When Death's Gloomy Angel Was Bending His Bow : written for the first anniversary of the Washington Benevolent Society of Pennsylvania / by a member ; the music arranged by R. Taylor Philadelphia : G. Willig's Musical Magazine, 1814 None None
Box 5a
no. 40
While the Morn is Inviting to Love : a favorite song / [by R. Taylor] Philadelphia : printed & sold at Carr's Musical Repository, between 1797 and 1799 None None
Box 1
no. 58
The Wounded Soldier / composed by R. Taylor of Philadelphia Philadelphia : printed at Carr's Musical Repository, 1794 None None


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