Print Collection 12: The Maps
In the last decade of the nineteenth century, photographic printing processes were rapidly advancing. Historian Mark Monmonier has argued that it was these developments that enabled news media to begin printing up-to-date maps alongside news stories. Whereas earlier printing technology required up to several days of wood engraving to create a plate for a map, new photoengraving techniques allowed for the production of a similar plate within an hour. Consequently, while the London Times was able to publish weekly woodcut maps detailing the Franco-Prussian War during the 1870s, its map use had increased to several photoengraved maps per day by the start of the First World War. Printing maps in each of its issues, The Times was able to give readers a sense of day-to-day knowledge of distant battles and movements. Many other daily publications in Europe and the United States reached a similar map-printing average during the war.
In addition to maps that appeared alongside text, full-size maps and atlases were also printed and included as supplements in the wartime issues of certain periodicals (such as the National Review). These larger maps imparted a more general knowledge of the war, familiarizing readers with the landscape of larger sections of the front. While informative, these maps also had an implicit commemorative value, as did the wartime issues of the publications in which they appeared.
|Call number||Title||Publisher/Printer||Date||Size (cm)||Notes|
|M-055||The Russian Front in Europe||Stanford's Geographical Establishment, London/The National Review||June 1916||39.6 x 57.2||Supplement in the London monthly magazine The National Review|
|M-111||The Italian Front||London Geographical Institute/George Philip & Son. Ltd.||Jan. 1918||50.3 x 38||Supplement in the London monthly magazine The National Review|
|M-112||The French Front from Soissons to Verdun||London Geographical Institute/George Philip & Son. Ltd.||June 1917||50.3 x 35.9||Supplement in the London monthly magazine The National Review|
|XL-069||Carte No. 4 Dantzig||S.G.A.||May 2, 1919||92 x 71||Area around Danzig. In German and French.|
|XL-070||Allemagne Ouest||n.d.||124 x 95||Western Germany and surrounding area. In French and in English.|
|XL-071||Carte No. 3 Slesvig||S.G.A.||June 23, 1919||76.5 x 61.7||Area around Slesvig. In German and French.|
|XL-072||Territoire du Bassin de la Sarre||S.G.A.||May 3, 1919||81.8 x 67||Saar Basin Territory. In French and English.|
See more about the maps in the Collection