In October 1927 Marian Anderson sailed to London, where she sought out Roger Quilter who had once befriended Roland Hayes. Quilter ultimately served as introduction to composers and performers as well as British society. Although she performed "Air de Lia" from Debussy's L'Enfant prodigue and other songs for the Promenade Concerts, this first trans-Atlantic trip proved less than completely fulfilling. She determined that her next trip would be to Germany to afford the study and refinement of her performance of German Lieder. This trip was financed by a scholarship from the Julius Rosenwald Fund.
In addition to the training and experience received and
the unprecedented success in Scandinavia, perhaps the most
noteworthy--certainly the most famous--moment in all of Marian Anderson's
tours of Europe was her performance in Salzburg, Austria in 1935.
Although she performed at the Salzburg Festival, her initial concert was
not well publicized and was poorly attended. A second performance was
given, however, one afternoon in the ballroom of one of the city's hotels.
Conductor Arturo Toscanini attended this concert and is quoted as
proclaiming that "a voice like hers is heard only once in a hundred
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