CULTURAL READINGS: Colonization & Print in the Americas
Special Collections, University of Pennsylvania Library
The History of the Five Indian Nations of Canada, which are dependent on the Province of New-York in America...
London: T. Osborne, 1747.
| One faction of Iroquois headmen sought to stymie both New York and New France by
negotiating with leaders from Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland. In a series of meetings, including this one at
Lancaster in 1744, they proposed to cede territories claimed not by the Iroquois but by Shawnee and Delaware
Indians. The Middle Colonies, eager to take control of lands in the Delaware and Susquehanna valleys, agreed to
abide by this fiction.
Treaties like this one, while providing the colonies with legalistic cover for expansion, may nonetheless have temporarily strengthened the Iroquois, who used their knowledge of the written, oral, and legal conventions of treaty dealings to their best advantage. Here, one day after Canassatego has agreed to a land settlement, Gachradodow outlines differences between Europeans and Indians and demands that the colonies help sustain trade with the Iroquois.
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New World Lands in Print
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