Penn Library

CULTURAL READINGS: Colonization & Print in the Americas


Red Jacket's speech
Rosenbach Museum & Library
Native Eloquence, Being Public Speeches Delivered by Two Distinguished Chiefs of the Seneca Tribe of Indians, Known Among the White People by the Names of Red Jacket and Farmer's Brother.

Canandaigua, NY: J.D. Bemis, 1811.

1811 speech by Red Jacket

The highly-developed quality of Indian oratory had long been recognized and admired among whites, and that admiration prompted the publication of works in translation such as this one - despite its profound critique of U.S. policies. In the years after the Revolution, the U.S. government advocated turning Indians into Christian farmers, as a more humane, less expensive way of getting Indians to relinquish their land claims. However, as Red Jacket indicates, many Indians had different plans.

Portrait of Red Jacket Red Jacket

Print and Native Cultures

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