The Music Library serves primarily the faculty and students of the Department of Music, supporting the academic needs of teaching and research, through the doctoral level and beyond in historical musicology, music theory, composition, and ethnomusicology. (The Department does not offer a degree in music performance, although there is much performance by University groups both on and off campus.) The library also serves other departments of the University whose disciplines have an historical association with ethnomusicology, especially Folklore and Folklife and Anthropology. There are also traditional subject overlaps with the Annenberg School (music and mass media) and Fine Arts (iconography).
The Department of Music awards both undergraduate and graduate degrees in music; the number of students in both categories has remained small but steady over the course of many years.