The history of science collections at Penn support programs in the Department of the History and Sociology of Science, which has a standing faculty of 13 and enrolls approximately 25 students for the doctoral program. Additionally, research in a range of other departments, including Anthropology, Classics, History, Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Sociology, and Philosophy, as well as scholars in the physical and biological sciences, women's studies, and literary studies rely on the history of science collections for their research.
The research and curricular program of the Department of the History and Sociology of Science has a strong emphasis in applied science of the modern period (19th and 20th centuries), in the U.S., Latin America, Middle East, Europe, and South Asia, including especially the history of medicine, public health and health policy, psychiatry, social history, women in science, biochemistry, chemistry, technology, physics, and East Asian science. Science and technology in the developing world are areas of increasing interest, especially among graduate students. Working in the earlier periods of the history of science are faculty in the Classics, History, and Philosophy departments.
There are two majors available to undergraduates: Health and Societies; and Science, Technology and Society. Both are very popular.