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This page presents an overview of holdings, across subjects and genres, related to early America, held in the Kislak Center with reference also to other collections at Penn. It is meant to provide a broad overview of collections in this field but not to substitute for searching in the online catalog and finding aids.
Following a list of major collections in this field, ordered roughly chronologically (with earliest collections listed first).
Colonial and early national period
Francis Daniel Pastorius
American Culture Class collections
Curtis Publishing Company Records: correspondence, financial records, and marketing reports, 1887-1960 (bulk 1911-1945) of the firm established by Cyrus Curtis, which published weekly periodicals, such as Ladies' Home Journal, Country Gentleman, and Saturday Evening Post.
European travels, exploration, and Native America
Holdings in these fields are to be found across the department's collections. These collections are of particular significance:
Robert Dechert Collection: European travel writing, exploration narratives, and some Native literature of the Americas, with strong holdings in French Americana, nineteenth-century American western exploration, and the writings of Bartolome de Las Casas.
Caroline F. Schimmel Fiction Collection of Women in the American Wilderness: over 6,000 works by women writing from, and about, the Americas (North, South, and Central), in many genres, from the seventeenth to the twenty-first centuries.
Early American manuscripts
Manuscript holdings are quite varied, with numerous single items and some larger collections. Manuscripts are described in the online catalog, Franklin. Larger collections have separate finding aids.
- Browse early American manuscript (pre-1800) in the online catalog, Franklin (sorted by date, oldest listed first)
17th century holdings include:
- Autographs of the Penn family, 1667-1787 (Ms. Codex 1809): seven documents and letters written by or relating to members of four generations of the family of William Penn.
- Manuscripts of Francis Daniel Pastorius, including his "Beehive" commonplace book
18th century holdings include:
J. G. Rosengarten Collections:
- Ms. Coll. 773 (1 volume): Collection on the participation of German soldiers in the American Revolution, 1776-1885.
- Ms. Coll. 959 (3 boxes): Collection of correspondence and historical manuscripts relating to the American Revolution
Printed books, pamphlets, broadsides, and newspapers
Printed materials from early North America may be found across multiple collections in the department. This represents a summary of highlights: researchers should consult the online catalog, Franklin, for the most precise information.
Curtis Collection of Franklin Imprints: more than 300 titles printed by Benjamin Franklin and his associates between 1719 and 1786.
Thomas Paine collection: approximately 140 books and pamphlets donated by Mrs. Alfred Stengel
The American Culture Class collections gather a significant portion of the department's printed holdings (although by no means all of them) together under a cataloging heading of "American" books, in chronological divisions from 18th-20th centuries.
- Browse the American Culture Class records (note: search produces over 10,000 records).
Newspapers: holdings are not fully included in the online catalog. Significant groups include:
- The Pennsylvania Gazette: holdings (not complete) from 1736-1806
- The New-England Courant: 2 numbers, from 1723 and 1726, printed under the imprint "Benjamin Franklin"
- Volumes of The London Chronicle from 1774-1777 documenting events in the American Revolution
Broadsides: early American broadsides include imprints from early Pennsylvania, legal documents, and other materials
Science, technology, and medicine
Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture records and library: records and the extensive library of this organization, founded in 1785 and still in existence.
Early American materials in the Edgar Fahs Smith Collection
Economics and business history
Wetherill Papers: business records, ca. 1762-1899, of the store and White Lead Works founded by Samuel Wetherill in the late eighteenth century.
Wayne Family Papers, ca. 1778-1881: documents primarly concerning the legal, financial, political, and family affairs of Isaac Wayne
Vanuxem family papers (Ms. Coll. 57, 9 boxes): documents the history of the Vanuxem and Peirce families and their business operations in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
University of Pennsylvania: early history
The primary repository for University's historical materials is the University Archives and Records Center. Nevertheless, some collections are housed within the Libraries. These include:
William Smith Papers (Ms. Coll. 599, 2 boxes): correspondence, sermons, writings, lecture notes and other papers fo the University's first Provost. (Related collections are at the University Archives.)
Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810 (Ms. Coll. 225): 34 notebooks kept by medical students at the University of Pennsylvania.
The Arnold and Deanne Kaplan Collection of Early American Judaica, housed at the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies Library, includes over 11,000 items documenting the lives of Jews in the Americas, from commercial, social, religious, political, and cultural contexts, from the colonial era through the nineteenth century.
Among the department's broad music collections are several groups of material relating in particular to early America:
Francis Hopkinson Collection