Early American collections in the Kislak Center include both manuscripts and printed materials, with notable strengths including literature; travel and exploration narratives; Judaica; and music.
This page presents an overview of holdings, across subjects and genres, related to early America, held in the Kislak Center with reference also to other collections at Penn. It is meant to provide a broad overview of collections in this field and descriptions of significant collections, with links to catalogs for researchers seeking more detail.
Following a list of major collections in this field, ordered roughly chronologically (with earliest collections listed first).
Colonial and early national period
Francis Daniel Pastorius
American Culture Class collections
Curtis Publishing Company Records: correspondence, financial records, and marketing reports, 1887-1960 (bulk 1911-1945) of the firm established by Cyrus Curtis, which published weekly periodicals, such as Ladies' Home Journal, Country Gentleman, and Saturday Evening Post.
European travels and exploration; Native American source materials
Holdings in these fields are to be found across the department's collections. These collections are of particular significance:
Robert Dechert Collection: European travel writing, exploration narratives, and some Native literature of the Americas, with strong holdings in French Americana, nineteenth-century American western exploration, and the writings of Bartolomé de Las Casas.
Caroline F. Schimmel Fiction Collection of Women in the American Wilderness: over 6,000 works by women writing from, and about, the Americas (North, South, and Central), in many genres, from the seventeenth to the twenty-first centuries.
Berendt-Brinton Linguistic Collection: This significant collection of linguistic materials primarily centers on the indigenous languages of Central America, although a few manuscripts in it are from North America.
Early American manuscripts
Manuscript holdings are quite varied, with numerous single items and some larger collections. Manuscripts are described in the online catalog, Franklin. Larger collections have separate finding aids.
- Browse early American manuscript (pre-1800) in the online catalog, Franklin (sorted by date, oldest listed first)
17th century holdings include:
- Autographs of the Penn family, 1667-1787 (Ms. Codex 1809): seven documents and letters written by or relating to members of four generations of the family of William Penn.
- Manuscripts of Francis Daniel Pastorius, including his "Beehive" commonplace book
18th century holdings include:
Benjamin Franklin Papers: correspondence and documents, 1705-1788, primarily relating to Franklin's stay in France during the American Revolution and his role in the negotiations between France and the Continental Congress.
J. G. Rosengarten Collections: materials collected by Rosengarten (1835-1921), a Philadelphia lawyer and historian, on the American Revolutionary era and German participation in it.
- Ms. Coll. 773 (1 volume): Collection on the participation of German soldiers in the American Revolution, 1776-1885.
- Ms. Coll. 959 (3 boxes): Collection of correspondence and historical manuscripts relating to the American Revolution
- Ms. Codex 1121 (1 volume): Diary kept by Philipp Waldeck, chaplain of the Third Waldeck Regiment, during the regiment's participation in the American Revolution on the side of the British. A digital facsimile of this manuscript is available.
Thomas Forster correspondence: letters, documentes, accounts, 1793-1837, of Colonel Forster (1762-1836), who led a volunteer regiment during the Whiskey Insurrection and was the first surveyor of the City of Erie, where he served as Collector of the Port from 1799 to 1836. [this material is not yet fully cataloged.]
Samuel D. Ingham correspondence (Ms. Coll. 889, 6 boxes): late 18th and 19th century letters and documents regarding Ingham (1779-1860), member of the Pennsylvania Legislature and the House of Representatives, and Secretary of the Treasury under President Andrew Jackson.
Printed books, pamphlets, broadsides, and newspapers
Printed materials from early North America may be found across multiple collections in the department. This represents a summary of highlights: researchers should consult the online catalog, Franklin, for the most precise information.
Curtis Collection of Franklin Imprints: more than 300 titles printed by Benjamin Franklin and his associates between 1719 and 1786.
Thomas Paine collection: approximately 140 books and pamphlets donated by Mrs. Alfred Stengel, including many early printed editions of Common Sense.
The American Culture Class collections gather a significant portion of the department's printed holdings (although by no means all of them) together under a cataloging heading of "American" books, in chronological divisions from 18th-20th centuries.
- Browse the American Culture Class records (note: search produces over 10,000 records).
Newspapers: not all holdings are in the online catalog. Significant groups include:
- The Pennsylvania Gazette: holdings (not complete) from 1736-1806
- The New-England Courant: 2 numbers, from 1723 and 1726, printed under the imprint "Benjamin Franklin"
- Volumes of The London Chronicle from 1774-1777 documenting events in the American Revolution
- Other early American newspapers are available in smaller groups and bound volumes. Browse a list of early newspapers in the online catalog, Franklin.
Broadsides: early American broadsides include imprints from early Pennsylvania, legal documents, and other materials
Collection of British and American fiction, 1660-1830: novels and fictional prose, including a number of early American novels.
Printed editions of poetry and drama printed in the colonial and early national eras.
Science, technology, and medicine
Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture records and library: records and the extensive library of this organization, founded in 1785 and still in existence.
Early American materials in the Edgar Fahs Smith Collection
Economics and business history
Wetherill Papers: business records, ca. 1762-1899, of the store and White Lead Works founded by Samuel Wetherill in the late eighteenth century.
Wayne Family Papers, ca. 1778-1881: documents primarly concerning the legal, financial, political, and family affairs of Isaac Wayne
Vanuxem family papers (Ms. Coll. 57, 9 boxes): documents the history of the Vanuxem and Peirce families and their business operations in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
University of Pennsylvania: early history
The primary repository for the University's historical materials is the University Archives and Records Center. Nevertheless, some collections are housed within the Libraries. These include:
Founders Collection: the early library holdings of the university.
William Smith Papers (Ms. Coll. 599, 2 boxes): correspondence, sermons, writings, lecture notes and other papers fo the University's first Provost. (Related collections are at the University Archives.)
Benjamin Rush lecture notes, 1783-1810 (Ms. Coll. 225): 34 notebooks kept by medical students at the University of Pennsylvania.
The Arnold and Deanne Kaplan Collection of Early American Judaica, housed at the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies Library, includes over 11,000 items documenting the lives of Jews in the Americas, from commercial, social, religious, political, and cultural contexts, from the colonial era through the nineteenth century.
Among the department's broad music collections are several groups of material relating in particular to early America:
Keffer Collection of Sheet Music: The over 2500 scores from ca. 1790 to 1895 in this collection contain an extensive range of early American popular songs and piano music. Many scores have printed illustrations.
Francis Hopkinson Collection: Hopkinson's personal collection of music, mainly printed in England, along with manuscript music and other printed and manuscript materials by or relating to Hopkinson and his family.